A spiritual gift is a God-given ability that functions through a member of the body of Christ for the benefit of the entire body to the glory of God. These gifts are given according to God’s will, based on God’s grace and for God’s glory (Romans 12:3,6;1 Corinthians 12:6; 15:9-10; Ephesians 2:8-10; I Peter 4:11-12).
According to 1 Peter 4:11, spiritual gifts are divided functionally based on two categories – verbal and service. Spiritual gifts may also be divided according to duration: temporary or permanent.
Spiritual gifts must not be confused with places of service or special ministries. For example, there is nothing listed as a spiritual gift for youth work or music ministry. Although we ought to give glory to God for all areas of service and talent, we must recognize spiritual the gifts specifically listed in the Scriptures.
Five lists of spiritual gifts
Romans 12:6-8 1 Corinthians 12:6-10
Prophesying Message of wisdom
Serving Message of knowledge
Showing mercy Distinguishing between spirits
Interpretation of tongues
1 Corinthians 12:28 Ephesians 4:11
Helping 1 Peter 4:11
Some of the gifts overlap with one another. The five lists together present eighteen individual gifts for discussion.
Functional division of spiritual gifts
1. Prophesying 1. Giving
2. Teaching 2. Administration
3. Apostleship 3. Mercy
4. Evangelism 4. Faith
5. Pastor-Teacher 5. Healing
6. Exhortation 6. Miracles
7. Tongues 7. Helping
8. Interpretation of tongues
9. Distinguishing of spirits
10. Message of wisdom
11. Message of knowledge
Durative division of spiritual gifts
1. Apostleship 1. Teaching
2. Prophesying 2. Faith
3. Distinguishing of spirits 3. Helps
4. Message of wisdom 4. Exhortation
5. Message of knowledge 5. Administration
6. Miracles 6. Giving
7. Healing 7. Mercy
8. Tongues 8. Pastor-teacher
9. Interpretation of tongues 9. Evangelism
The durative division will be used for the purpose of this study.