1. Is everything possible for God? (Ps. 62:11; Jer. 32:17; Mt. 19:26; Mk. 14:36; Rev. 1:8; 19:6; Job 19:19; 42:2; Isa. 40:28)
“To say that God is omnipotent is not to say that God can do absolutely anything. Most Christian thinkers rightly distinguish between what is physically impossible and what is logically impossible. The latter simply does not fall within the range of omnipotence, and this for the very good reason that what it describes is incoherent. It is logically contradictory to suppose that God can create two adjacent mountains without a valley between them, or to argue that God can draw a square circle, or to hold that God can create a stone that is too heavy for him to lift. All of these are pseudo-tasks; these logically impossible tasks are not on par with physically impossible tasks. A logically impossible action is not an action. It is what is described by a form of words which purport to describe an action, but do not describe anything which is coherent to suppose it could be done. By confessing that God is omnipotent, then, we mean that God can do anything that is not logically impossible” (How Long, O Lord?, pp. 28-29, D.A. Carson).
2. Does God ever change? (Malachi 3:6; Hebrews 13:8)
- God does not change quantitatively – (Increase or decrease)
- God does not change qualitatively – (No modification of nature)
“The Biblical view is not that God is static but stable. He is active and dynamic, but in a way which is stable and consistent with His nature. What we are dealing with here is the dependability of God. He will be the same tomorrow as He is today. He will act as He has promised. He will fulfill His commitments. The believer can rely upon that (Lam. 3:22-23; I Jn. 1:9). (Christian Theology, p. 279, Millard Erickson ).
“God is not a frozen automaton who cannot respond to persons; he is a living person who can and does react to others as much, and more genuinely, than we do to each other. Thus the same word repent, is used for two different concepts in the Bible. One shows his responsiveness to individuals and the other shows his steadfastness to himself and to his thoughts and designs” (Hard Sayings of the OT, pp. 114-155, Walter C. Kaiser, Jr.).