Did Jesus preach the gospel?

At the National Conference for the Gospel Coalition, a panel of leaders (Tim Keller, John Piper, D. A. Carson and Kevin DeYoung) answered a question about whether Jesus preached the gospel. 

As I listened, I wanted to ask one of them if it would be best to say that Jesus IS the gospel. The message that permeates the pages of the gospel narratives and the preaching/teaching of Jesus leads us to see that Jesus is the summation of all of God’s revelation.

While the gospels take us to the cross, on the way to it, they expose the shadowy nature of everything else. The view becomes increasingly clear (as articulated in the epistles) that, “The law was only a shadow of the good things to come and not the very image…” (Heb. 10:1). The earthly priesthood, temple and sacrifices were “a copy and shadow of the heavenly things.” (Heb. 8). Food laws, festivities and special days were “a shadow of what is to come but the substance belongs to Christ” (Colossians 2:17).

All these things come to their full and final meaning in Christ. “For as many as may be the promises of God, in Him they are yes…” (2 Cor. 1:20). “He said to them, ‘This is what I told you while I was still with you: Everything must be fulfilled that is written about me in the Law of Moses, the Prophets and the Psalms’” (Luke 24:44).

In moving along this path, Jesus’ view of Scripture became a major concern for his audience partly because of the authoritative nature of his teaching. His use of introductory formulas like “I tell you” (Matthew 5:21-487:21-2928:18-20) and his use of “my commands” John 14:1515:10), broke from the pattern of teachers in Israel who invoked, “Moses, Scripture, the Law, and the Prophets.

Thus Jesus said, “Do not think I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them.” Jesus presented Himself as the one who fulfills the Old Testament.

The Christ event (Jesus) in totality — incarnation, life, ministry, crucifixion, resurrection, ascension, second coming and glorious reign are the anticipation and fulfillment – might we even say — “the good news of the kingdom”? Prior to His ascension Jesus said, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me.” and in his commission, new disciples were to be taught, “to obey everything I (Jesus) have commanded you” (Matthew 28:18-20; cf. Mark 13:31).

The entire content and tone of his teaching and ministry indicates that Jesus was, “the end (telos) of the law…” (Ro 10:4). After quoting from Isaiah 61:1-2, Jesus “rolled up the scroll, gave it back to the attendant and sat down. The eyes of everyone in the synagogue were fastened on him. He began by saying to them, ‘Today this scripture is fulfilled in your hearing’ (Luke 4:20-21). This included anointing to “proclaim good news to the poor” (Luke 4:18).

Jesus opened his public ministry saying, “the time is fulfilled, the kingdom of God is at hand; repent and believe in the gospel” (Mark 1:15). Descriptions attached to the first coming of Christ indicate a significant change (e. g. ”the fullness of time,” Galatians 4:4, or “the consummation of the ages” Hebrews 9:26). In these last days, God has spoken to us by his Son (Hebrews 1:1-2). All the Old Testament prophecies, promises and laws came to their full and final meaning in Jesus.

Along these lines, it seems equally important to ask how the original audience (to whom Jesus spoke) understood him. For example, when Jesus said, “For I tell you that unless your righteousness surpasses that of the Pharisees and the teachers of the law, you will certainly not enter the kingdom of heaven” (Matthew 5:20), did anyone think immediately of the imputed righteousness taught by the apostle Paul? Did Jesus even want them to think this way?

Certainly Jesus wasn’t saying, “You need my righteousness that can be received by faith after I die for the sins of the world”? The audience simply would not have heard him this way. Directly following, Jesus said, “Be careful not to practice your righteousness in front of others to be seen by them” (Matthew 6:1).

This is understood through the lens of the contemporary distortions Jesus confronted. But (and this point cannot be minimized or overlooked) the prevailing distortions of the times were major obstacles to a gospel of grace for the poor in spirit. The ego building, status seeking, inverted notions of Kingdom were obstacles to the gospel and Jesus taught and embodied the opposite — thus, might I say, preaching the gospel to us?

In Matthew 5:20, Jesus introduced the first of a number of what have been called “entrance sayings.” An “entrance saying” is a direct statement from Jesus indicating either “who will enter heaven” or “how one must set about to enter heaven.”

Entrance sayings in Matthew:

• 5:20- surpassing righteousness is required
• 7:21- doing the will of the father is required
• 18:3-4- childlike humility gains entrance (cf. 19:13-14; Lk.18:9-14)
• 18:8-9- radical amputation of sinful offenses
• 19:16-24- the love of riches as an obstacle to entrance
• 25:21,23- the faithful servant entering the joy of their Master

How should these sayings influence our answer to the question of whether Jesus preached the gospel? And how should they shape our approach to evangelism?

As I listened to the answers to the question, I also wanted to ask how our understanding of the message of salvation under the older covenant should weigh in. I am sure all would agree (as B.B. Warfield wrote) that, “Nowhere is the demand of faith treated as a novelty of the new covenant, or is there a distinction drawn between the faith of the two covenants; everywhere the sense of continuity is prominent (Jn. 10:2412:38,3944I Pet. 2:6), and the proclamation of faith (Gal. 3:2,5Rom. 10:16) is conceived as essentially one in both dispensations, (Hab. 2:4Rom. 1:17Gal. 3:11Heb. 10:38) (pp. 404-405, Biblical and Theological Studies).

Steve Cornell

 
This entry was posted in Gospel, Gospel-centered, Jesus Christ, Repentance, Salvation, Sermon on the Mount. Bookmark the permalink.

2 Responses to Did Jesus preach the gospel?

  1. Warfield refers to Gal. 3, which includes comments about the faith of Abraham. Since this faith was how righteousness was reckoned to Abraham, many Christians now make this “the gospel” also. But actually, in Gal. 3, Paul points out important new dimensions of the faith of Christians–and their gospel. In 3:2,5 Paul emphasizes receiving the Spirit through hearing with faith. While this is contrasted with the works of the law (of Moses), this is also a contrast with the faith of Abraham (nothing is said of his receiving the Spirit).
    After Paul quotes the famous Gen. 15:6 passage in Gal. 3:6 (Abraham believed and it was reckoned to him as righteousness), he then quotes Gen. 12:3 (in you shall all the nations be blessed) and says this proclaimed the gospel beforehand, foreseeing that God would come to include the Gentiles who came to faith (Gal. 3:8). Thus this gospel was fulfilled in Christ Jesus, where the blessing of Abraham comes upon the Gentiles, so they (we) might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith (Gal. 3:14). So again, the faith connected with Christ and the fulfillment of the promise to Abraham is a contrast in that now the Gentiles are being blessed, and the blessing is specifically the (giving of the) promised Spirit.
    After contrasting the promise (to Abraham) and the law (of Moses) in Gal. 3:15-22, Paul concludes that before faith came, we were confined under the law, so that the law was our custodian until Christ came (3:23-24). But now that faith has come (and Christ has come), we are no longer under a custodian (the law of Moses) (3:25). Note the connection between the “coming” of faith and the coming of Christ; this is another contrast between the earlier faith and the faith that comes with and through Christ.
    For in Christ, you are all children of God, through faith (3:26), there is neither Jew nor Greek (3:28). While this means they are Abraham’s “offspring,” according to promise (3:29), it above all means they have been redeemed, and adopted as children, to whom God has sent the Spirit of his Son, and who cry “Abba, Father” (Gal. 4:5-6).
    In Gal. 5 Paul defines this new faith as “faith working through love” (5:6), because it is a faith that receives the Spirit, whose fruit is love (5:22). Without this, one will not inherit the kingdom of God (5:21).
    The gospel of Paul is thus not limited to “justification by faith,” but includes the new life in the Spirit that (Christ, king) Jesus commanded and lived, the life that would distinguish his new kingdom of disciples from all other kingdoms, including the kingdom of Israel.

  2. You have touched on profound points in this post that few seem to appreciate about the centrality of Christ in His Person as the focus of fulfillment. The simplicity that is in Christ is not “overly simplistic”, but Scripturally simplistic! “Jesus IS the gospel.” Amen! “The message that permeates the pages of the gospel narratives and the preaching/teaching of Jesus leads us to see that Jesus IS the summation of what has gone before and the locus of authority for God’s people.” You said a mouthful there! Good stuff!

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