Who Created God?

Many skeptics think they’ve found the gotcha question when they ask, “Who created God?” Atheist Daniel Dennett argued this way  with typical condescending sarcasm:

“If God created and designed all these wonderful things, who created God? Supergod? And who created Supergod? Or did God create himself? Was it hard work? Did it take time? Don’t ask!”

I am not surprised by this question because the need for a designer behind design is one of the most verifiable bases for believing in a Creator. The scientific fact of intelligent design invites the question of God into the discussion. Yet, to be fair, it also raises other issues. If, for example, design implies a designer and, if God himself has features of design, what or who designed God?

Before addressing this question, it’s worth noting that many scientists and scholars have the integrity to acknowledge the necessity of a designer.

Professor Owen Gingerich, (former Professor of Astronomy and of the History of Science at Harvard University, and a senior astronomer emeritus at the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory) said, “there are so many wonderful details which, if they were changed only slightly, would make it impossible for us to be here, that one just has to feel, somehow, that there is a design in the universe and, therefore, a designer to have worked it out so magnificently. 

Astrophysicist, Sir Fred Hoyle, acknowledged that the choice is between “deliberate design” and “a monstrous sequence of accidents.” What a choice!

Philosopher, Paul Copan suggested that, “If a being like God exists, all of this astonishing fine-tuning, interrelated complexity, and so on isn’t shocking in the least. If no God-like being exists, then shock is thoroughly warranted. We can look at lots of other arguments—not just one—to reinforce and broaden our understanding of what may be behind our/the universe’s existence, human dignity and worth, the trustworthiness of our minds/reason, the existence of moral duties, the existence of beauty, and so on. Of course, much depends on our openness to considering whether something beyond our senses exists. The Big Bang offers one such clue that it does!” 

There is nothing unusual about seeing necessary connections between design and an intelligent designer. We think this way about all designed things. To suspend this way of thinking concerning something as complex as the universe or the human body, is to take an irrational leap of faith.

What does blue smell like?

 On the surface, “Who designed God?”  sounds like a good question. Upon further investigation, however, it is a question with significant logical deficiencies.

Someone compared it to asking, “What does blue smell like?” “Blue is not in the category of things that have a smell, so the question itself is flawed. In the same way, God is not in the category of things that are created or caused. God is uncaused and uncreated—He simply exists.”

“If we know that nothing comes from nothing, if there were ever a time when there was absolutely nothing in existence, then nothing would have ever come into existence. But things do exist. Therefore, since there could never have been absolutely nothing, something had to have always been in existence. That ever-existing thing is what we call God. God is the uncaused Being that caused everything else to come into existence. God is the uncreated Creator who created the universe and everything in it.” (gotquestions). It’s best to say that all created things need a cause.

Copan wrote: “Who made God?” begs the question, assuming what one wants to prove — namely, that all things must be contingent (dependent) entities. But God is in a distinct category from the rest of reality. To put God in the contingent category is like asking, “How does the color green taste?” or “What flavor is middle C?” God, by definition, is an uncaused, necessary (noncontingent) being. God should not be blamed for being noncontingent. To get clear, let’s reword “Who made God?” to “What caused the self-existent, uncaused Cause — who is by definition unmakable — to exist?” The question answers itself.”

“And how could a perfect, maximally great being just “happen” to exist? We could reply that skeptics face a more difficult challenge — a precisely tuned universe beginning from nothing.That is, how could a perfectly tuned universe spring into being — with its precise mass, expansion-rate, proton-electron ratio, electromagnetic force-gravity ratio, and many more delicately balanced conditions for biological life built-in from the outset? Rather than opting for a chance universe from nothing that produces Homo sapiens with absolutely no margin for error, an intelligent powerful necessary Cause behind this fine-tuning sounds far more plausible.”

“At some point, we will need to arrive at an ultimate stopping-point to intermediate explanations. If scientists allowed for an infinite series of explanations, scientific progress itself would be crippled. Clearly, the universe is not that ultimate, necessary explanation. As a necessary being, however, a self-sufficient God turns out to be the most suitable — and final — explanation for all reality outside himself.”

The writer of the New Testament book of Hebrews said it well: “For every house is built by someone, but God is the builder of everything” (Hebrews 3:4). 

Steve Cornell
 
 
This entry was posted in Apologetics, Atheism, Atheists, Christian worldview, Creation, Dennett, Hitchens, Intelligent Design, Philosophy, Questioning God, Richard Dawkins, Sam Harris, Science and tagged . Bookmark the permalink.

7 Responses to Who Created God?

  1. Aaron Sullivan says:

    well said. “Universe” when broken into its Latin derivative is simply “uni”- One and “verse” – Spoken sentence. I always find the shortsighted response of atheist or maybe their deliberate delusion to refuse to see the entire picture of reality as having design to be interesting. I often ask why they go to such lengths to deny what is obvious to billions. They will go to such lengths as to deny the existence of Jesus when so much culture, people, nations, history, language and so much more points directly to Him. When asked “where is your God?”, I often tell them they have a timer on their wrist that tells them when He was here last. An atheist will call it all a conspiracy as to which I answer that it is a conspiracy… created by God, they just happen to be on the wrong side and label it evil. .

  2. Pingback: The God Particle: an elusive piece to the cosmic puzzle discovered | WisdomForLife

  3. Anonymous says:

    then why didnt they come

  4. Reblogged this on WisdomForLife and commented:

    Time for a little review.

  5. How is intelligent design a scientific fact? Last I checked, there were no peer-reviewed articles out there that give good evidence for the belief in an intelligent designer. Most scientists don’t accept ID.

    • Intelligent design simply suggests that, “certain features of the universe and of living things are best explained by an intelligent cause, not an undirected process such as natural selection” (Discovery Institute).

      “Simply put, intelligent design is the science that studies signs of intelligence. Stated this way, intelligent design seems straightforward and unproblematic. Yet depending on where the intelligence makes itself evident, one may encounter fierce resistance to intelligent design. Archeologists attributing intelligent design to arrowheads or burial mounds are not controversial. But biologists attributing intelligent design to biological structures raises tremendous anxiety, not only in the scientific community but in the broader culture as well.” (William A. Dembski in The Design Revolution: answering Tough Questions about Intelligent Design).

      “As a theory of biological origins and development, intelligent design’s central claim is that only intelligent causes adequately explain the complex, information-rich structures of biology and that these causes are empirically detectable. To say intelligent causes are empirically detectable is to say there are well-defined methods that, based on observable features of the world, can reliably distinguish intelligent causes from undirected natural causes” (Ibid).

      How the scientific theory of intelligent design works: (from biologos.org)

      I. Observation:

      The ways that intelligent agents act can be observed in the natural world and described. When intelligent agents act, it is observed that they produce high levels of “complex-specified information” (CSI). CSI is basically a scenario which is unlikely to happen (making it complex), and conforms to a pattern (making it specified). Language and machines are good examples of things with much CSI. From our understanding of the world, high levels of CSI are always the product of intelligent design.

      II. Hypothesis:

      If an object in the natural world was designed, then we should be able to examine that object and find the same high levels of CSI in the natural world as we find in human-designed objects.

      III. Experiment:

      We can examine biological structures to test if high CSI exists. When we look at natural objects in biology, we find many machine-like structures which are specified, because they have a particular arrangement of parts which is necessary for them to function, and complex because they have an unlikely arrangement of many interacting parts. These biological machines are “irreducibly complex,” for any change in the nature or arrangement of these parts would destroy their function. Irreducibly complex structures cannot be built up through an alternative theory, such as Darwinian evolution, because Darwinian evolution requires that a biological structure be functional along every small-step of its evolution. “Reverse engineering” of these structures shows that they cease to function if changed even slightly.

      IV. Conclusion:

      Because they exhibit high levels of CSI, a quality known to be produced only by intelligent design, and because there is no other known mechanism to explain the origin of these “irreducibly complex” biological structures, we conclude that they were intelligently designed.

      Recognize this:

      Belief in intelligent design does not require that the designer be the God revealed in the Christian Scriptures. The fact that many who accept intelligent design also believe that “in the beginning God created the heavens and the earth” (Genesis 1:1), should not be used to discredit the scientific method. The science of intelligent design is not the same as biblical creationism. Opponents of intelligent design repeatedly use this false comparison to mislead people. They want the public to believe that the designation “intelligent design” is code language for teaching biblical creation. It is not.

      Detecting design is a necessary to many disciplines:

      “Detectives are trained to distinguish murder (design) from death by natural causes. Archeologists have criteria for distinguishing when a stone has the distinctive chip marks of a primitive tool (design), and when its shape is simply the result of weathering and erosion. Insurance companies have steps for deciding whether a fire was a case of arson (design) or just an accident. Cryptologists have worked out procedures to determine whether a set of symbols is a secret message (design) or just an accident”(Nancy Pearcey Total Truth: Liberating Christianity from its Cultural Captivity).

      Using the very same principles found in each of these disciplines, scientists are capable of distinguishing products of nature from products of intelligence. This is simply the way most people think about design. Pearcey offers several practical examples: “Walking on the beach, we may admire the lovely pattern of ripples running across the sand, but we know it is merely a product of the wind and the waves. If, however, we come across a sand castle with walls and turrets and a moat, do we assume it too was created by the wind and waves? Of course not. The material constituents of the castle are nothing but sand and mud and water, just like the ripples all around it. But we intuitively recognize that those starting materials have a different kind of order imposed upon them. A friend of mind once took a ship up the West Coast to Canada, where he was greeted by a colorful display of flowers spelling out, ‘Welcome to Victoria.’ It was a sure guarantee that the seeds were not blown there randomly by the wind.” (Ibid)

  6. mrandrewrod says:

    “Who/what created God?” just betrays the skeptic’s misunderstanding of the definition of God. Unlike the Greek gods of mythology, it takes more than being immortal and powerful to be the one true God. Even a pagan philosopher like Aristotle understood that there had to be an “Unmoved Mover.”

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