Many skeptics think they’ve found the gotcha question when they ask, “Who created God?” Atheist Daniel Dennett argued this way with typical condescending sarcasm:
“If God created and designed all these wonderful things, who created God? Supergod? And who created Supergod? Or did God create himself? Was it hard work? Did it take time? Don’t ask!”
I am not surprised by this question because the need for a designer behind design is one of the most verifiable bases for believing in a Creator. The scientific fact of intelligent design invites the question of God into the discussion. Yet, to be fair, it also raises other issues. If, for example, design implies a designer and, if God himself has features of design, what or who designed God?
Before addressing this question, it’s worth noting that many scientists and scholars have the integrity to acknowledge the necessity of a designer.
Professor Owen Gingerich, (former Professor of Astronomy and of the History of Science at Harvard University, and a senior astronomer emeritus at the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory) said, “there are so many wonderful details which, if they were changed only slightly, would make it impossible for us to be here, that one just has to feel, somehow, that there is a design in the universe and, therefore, a designer to have worked it out so magnificently.
Astrophysicist, Sir Fred Hoyle, acknowledged that the choice is between “deliberate design” and “a monstrous sequence of accidents.” What a choice!
Philosopher, Paul Copan suggested that, “If a being like God exists, all of this astonishing fine-tuning, interrelated complexity, and so on isn’t shocking in the least. If no God-like being exists, then shock is thoroughly warranted. We can look at lots of other arguments—not just one—to reinforce and broaden our understanding of what may be behind our/the universe’s existence, human dignity and worth, the trustworthiness of our minds/reason, the existence of moral duties, the existence of beauty, and so on. Of course, much depends on our openness to considering whether something beyond our senses exists. The Big Bang offers one such clue that it does!”
There is nothing unusual about seeing necessary connections between design and an intelligent designer. We think this way about all designed things. To suspend this way of thinking concerning something as complex as the universe or the human body, is to take an irrational leap of faith.
What does blue smell like?
On the surface, “Who designed God?” sounds like a good question. Upon further investigation, however, it is a question with significant logical deficiencies.
Someone compared it to asking, “What does blue smell like?” “Blue is not in the category of things that have a smell, so the question itself is flawed. In the same way, God is not in the category of things that are created or caused. God is uncaused and uncreated—He simply exists.”
“If we know that nothing comes from nothing, if there were ever a time when there was absolutely nothing in existence, then nothing would have ever come into existence. But things do exist. Therefore, since there could never have been absolutely nothing, something had to have always been in existence. That ever-existing thing is what we call God. God is the uncaused Being that caused everything else to come into existence. God is the uncreated Creator who created the universe and everything in it.” (gotquestions). It’s best to say that all created things need a cause.
Copan wrote: “Who made God?” begs the question, assuming what one wants to prove — namely, that all things must be contingent (dependent) entities. But God is in a distinct category from the rest of reality. To put God in the contingent category is like asking, “How does the color green taste?” or “What flavor is middle C?” God, by definition, is an uncaused, necessary (noncontingent) being. God should not be blamed for being noncontingent. To get clear, let’s reword “Who made God?” to “What caused the self-existent, uncaused Cause — who is by definition unmakable — to exist?” The question answers itself.”
“And how could a perfect, maximally great being just “happen” to exist? We could reply that skeptics face a more difficult challenge — a precisely tuned universe beginning from nothing.That is, how could a perfectly tuned universe spring into being — with its precise mass, expansion-rate, proton-electron ratio, electromagnetic force-gravity ratio, and many more delicately balanced conditions for biological life built-in from the outset? Rather than opting for a chance universe from nothing that produces Homo sapiens with absolutely no margin for error, an intelligent powerful necessary Cause behind this fine-tuning sounds far more plausible.”
“At some point, we will need to arrive at an ultimate stopping-point to intermediate explanations. If scientists allowed for an infinite series of explanations, scientific progress itself would be crippled. Clearly, the universe is not that ultimate, necessary explanation. As a necessary being, however, a self-sufficient God turns out to be the most suitable — and final — explanation for all reality outside himself.”
The writer of the New Testament book of Hebrews said it well: “For every house is built by someone, but God is the builder of everything” (Hebrews 3:4).