When we pray (daily) for God’s will to be done on earth as it is in heaven, we acknowledge that God’s will is not being done on earth as it is in heaven. But in what sense?
Certainly God is not being “caught by surprise” with anything that happens on earth. God is never looking for a “Plan B” as if He has “lost control.” We also know that God is deeply grieved by the sin, suffering and death that fills this globe (Genesis 6). Yet God’s moral will is violated every moment.
To understand how God’s will functions in a fallen world, we must acknowledge at least three dimensions to His will in four stages of human history.
Three dimensions to the will of God
1. God’s prescriptive will:
God promised Abraham and his offspring the Land of Canaan for an inheritance (Gen. 12). He commanded them to dwell in the land to claim it for their inheritance. In accordance with this God commanded Isaac; ‘Do not go down to Egypt’ (Gen. 26:2). This was God’s prescriptive will. It is what he desired for them. This prescriptive sense of God’s will involves only good.
2. God’s permissive will:
It’s only in the permissive sense of God’s will that he allows some evil. Abraham and his descendants failed God under testing (famine) and departed the land of promise for greener pastures in Egypt. God permitted this but did not prescribe it. God commands only good, but he concedes to evil (Genesis 8:21). God never encourages evil, though he does allow it (James 1:13-18). So, eventually God said to Jacob: ‘Go now to Egypt.’ This he said, (not because it was God’s perfect will or permanent desire), but because it was his permissive will for the time being in order to accomplish his ultimate goal for their lives. As Jesus said, ‘Moses permitted you to divorce your wives because your hearts were hard’ (Mt. 19:8). Not that it was in accord with God’s ideal will, but that it was his concession due to our stubborn will and the lives affected by us.
3. God’s providential will:
Finally, we have God’s providential will. In spite of Israel’s failure to claim and live in the land, God’s sovereign purposes for them could not be frustrated. God’s prescriptive will was that they not go to Egypt. His permissive will was to allow them to go to Egypt. But eventually God’s providential will was accomplished when he declared ‘Out of Egypt I called my son’ (Hos. 11:1). (See: Predestination and Free will, ed. By David Basinger & Randall Bassinger, p. 83).
Four stages in human history
1. Creation: (God’s prescriptive will)
Original man: (possible to sin)- created in the image and likeness of God with an unconfirmed favorable disposition (Gen. 1:27; 5:1-2; 9:6).
2. Fall: (God’s permissive will)
Fallen man: (Impossible not to sin)- A marred image of God (Gen. 9:6; I Cor. 11:7; Ja. 3:9; Act. 17:28 w/ Eph. 2:1-3; Jn. 8:44; I Jn. 3:13).
3. Redemption: (God’s Providential will)
Redeemed man: (possible not to sin)- Being conformed to Christ’s image (Ro. 8:29; II Cor. 3:18; Eph. 4:23-24; Col. 3:10; II Cor. 4:11; Ro. 13:14).
4. Consummation: (God’s Providential will)
Glorified man: (Impossible to sin)- Conformed to the likeness of Christ (I Cor. 15:44 – 53; Phil. 3:20-21; I Jn. 3:2).